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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleFu Yu tiaojiao 撫豫條教[Directives from a Henan Governor]
Topic4.1 Magistrates handbooks: General
Historical periodEarly Qing (1644-1796)
AuthorYin Huiyi 尹會一
CollectionGuanzhen shu jicheng 官箴書集成
Number of volume4
Publication typeWoodblock
CommentRem.: Directives handed down by Yin Huiyi during his governorship of Henan in 1737-1739. According to his preface, Yin’s disciple (menren 門人) Zhang Shouzhang retrieved and published Yin’s memorials (zouyi 奏議) and administrative writings (lit. “instructions”, tiaojiao 條教) with the help of Yin’s son Jiaquan 嘉銓 shortly after Yin’s death. While the memorials were relatively complete and were published in 10 juan [under the title Jianyu zouyi 健餘奏議, a copy is held at Congress], Yin Jiaquan confessed to having been somewhat neglectful in collecting the numerous “instructions” handed down by his father during his tenure in Henan. The rather short collection that resulted excludes, according to Zhang Shouzhang, the “ordinary directives whose composition is left to the care of private secretaries”. The preface stresses Yin Huiyi’s orthodox views regarding customs and the importance of laws to “transform” the people, and insists on the usefulness of a text that relies on actual experience. The four chapters are composed of admonitions and directives to subordinate officials and the populace. J. 1 is concerned primarily with the moral and administrative responsibilities of provincial officials, like the ethical standards to be maintained, management of yamen underlings, control of military matters, and so on. The texts in j. 2 deal with a system called fenshe guiquan 分社規勸 (“Correct and admonish within each community”), partly inspired by Lü Kun’s xiangyue directives, whereby Yin attempted to control and improve the behavior and ethics of local students. J. 3 concerns prohibitions on gambling, fighting, propagating evil rumors, and so on, as well as encouragements to good behavior, like thrift or good farming practices. J. 4 concentrates on grain storage, famine relief, disaster management, etc. The work is representative of the efforts of the more activist among high Qing provincial officials to monitor closely public welfare and the improvement of customs at local level.
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