71 documents
Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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documentTypeEdited Volume
TitleSichuan tongchi zhangcheng 四川通飭章程 [Sichuan Regulations Circulated by Order]
Topic3.2 Regulations collections: local regulations
Historical periodLate Qing (1797-1911)
AuthorZhong Qingxi 鍾慶熙 (ed.)
Publication typeWoodblock

Feng Xu was authorized by the court to compile a compendium of the administrative system of Anhui, and commissioned an intendant named Chen Shili 陳師禮 to oversee it. The aim was to provide the province’s officials with a full description of the system and a coherent account of the directives and regulations that had accumulated since the end of the Taiping Rebellion and were in a state of great disorder. The fanli cites Jinsheng jiyao (q.v.) as a model. Funding was discontinued in 1910, when the compiling was mostly done, but Chen completed the work at his own expense. The fall of the Qing dynasty prevented it from being printed. The text, which takes into account the new institutions evolved during the New Policies (新政) reforms, is organized in ten categories (科), each with a variable number of subcategories: “Foreign relations” (交涉, dealing with treaties, foreign enterprises, and Christianity), “Officials” (吏), “Civil administration” (民政), “Finances” (度支), “Rites” (禮), “Education” (學), “Military administration” (軍政), “Judicial administration” (法), “Agriculture, industry, and commerce” (農工商), and “Communications” (郵傳, including transportation and water control). The end-date of most of the contents is 1908, but some topics are pursued through the Xuantong years. The emphasis is on contemporary institutions and regulations, with reference to their precedents throughout the Qing; related memorials and administrative documents are appended in small-character format. There are numerous tables. Though it was compiled too late to be used as a guide for practical administration, the work has considerable value regarding the administrative history of Anhui and the last reforms of Qing institutions.

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