|Comment||Rem. : The work features a combination of substatutes (as found in the Xianxing zeli 現行則例), leading cases (cheng’an), and a variety of edicts and chufen regulations covering the first four decades and a half of the Kangxi reign, through spring 1707. It is organized according to the parts and sections of the Penal Code and follows the same outline in 30 chapters, plus one chapter on fugitives appended (逃人定例). The chapters are of widely variable length depending on their content. In each section the leading cases are placed after the regulations and other materials and printed in smaller characters, as a complement; they feature only the minimum of detail necessary to explain the final sentence, or why it was rejected. The fanli claims that despite the precision of the statutes and substatutes it is indispensable to read many leading cases to avoid proposing ungrounded sentences. The sections of special interest for the daily operations of local officials—those on financial and judicial affairs—are the more developed and include a particularly large number of non-penal regulations. In this sense the work has also the character of a generalist administrative handbook. Depending on the editions, there is a general mulu at the beginning (giving the structure of the penal code) and a detailed mulu at the beginning of each chapter (listing every entry in it); or the detailed mulu have been put together in two (sometimes three) separate fascicles. The supplement entitled Dingli cheng’an hejuan xuzeng 續增 (with a separate cover-leaf) features entries covering a period from 1707 through variable years depending on the ed. (up till the mid-1740s); the arrangement is similar, including the detailed mulu, but without juan separation; in the mulu the regulations are signalled by the supplement [possibly of the Liubu zeli] in which they appeared, namely 續, 再續, 三續 and so forth, all the way to 八續, 新編, and a 二編 published in 1740. [phtgr. préf. et mulu ex. Columbia; extraits ex. Oki (pdf)] |
Ed.: Undated ed. entitled Mingli dingli 名例定例 on the cover-leaf and Dingli cheng’an hejuan xuzeng 續增 on the margin.