45 documents
Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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Description
documentTypeBook
TitleFujian shengli 福建省例 [Regulations of Fujian Province]
Topic3.2 Regulations collections: local regulations
Historical periodLate Qing (1797-1911)
CollectionTaiwan wenxian shiliao congkan 臺灣文獻史料叢刊, Ser. 7, vol. 141-142
Publication typePrint
CommentRem.: According to the introduction to the Taiwan yinhang ed., the original imprint on which it was based (and whose present whereabouts are not known) is entitled Shengli; it has no preface, fanli or publication date; the quality of its printing is very low and a number of obvious errors have been corrected. The 484 entries cover the years from 1752 to 1872, making it likely that the work was published at the very end of the Tongzhi period. The entries are classified under 33 sections, dealing in some disorder with administrative documents, fiscal and financial matters (in a sizable number of specialized sections), personnel management, military affairs and defense, justice (in one twin section with 121 entries, by far the largest), examinations and schools, and so forth. (The only change to the original text in the Taiwan ed. has been to move the section on “varia” [雜例] from the middle to the end of the work.) The entries are chronologically arranged within each section. They consist of orders or decisions from the provincial authorities, which may have originated in propositions or directives anywhere within the administrative hierarchy, and which have been made into “precedents” (li); these were separately printed and circulated to the province’s local governments and concerned agencies over the years, and at one point it was deemed necessary to collect and organize them into a printed volume for easy reference. Some of them consist of sets of regulations or procedures (guitiao 規條, zhangcheng 章程, and the like), still others are in the form of public proclamations or prohibitions. The original documents have apparently been reproduced in their entirety, with all the exchanges of correspondence and repetitions involved, eventually leading to the final decision turned into a li. The entire collection delivers an extremely rich picture of Fujian’s social and administrative problems in the mid and late Qing.
The ed. at Shanghai begins with a mulu detailing every piece (an) in the work, arranged after the following categories (no. of cases added): 公式 (16), 倉庫 (25), 錢糧 (4), 奏銷 (3), 交代 (24), 稅課 (6), 解支 (4), 俸祿 (11), 養廉 (21), 捐款 (16), 平糶 (4), 社倉 (4), 戶口 (14), 田宅 (9), 勸墾 (3), 當稅 (5), 卹賞 (10), 兵餉 (14), 科場 (2), 鹽政 (8), 錢法 (3), 鐵政 (2), 船政 (36), 海防 (9), 修造 (2), 郵政 (45), 襍例 (16), 刑政 (123), 捐輸 (8), 差務 (5), 銓政 (20), 征收 (17), 緝匪 (4). The main text, in 36 j., is followed by supplements
SubjectLaw
LanguageChinese
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