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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleCheng'an beikao 成案備考[Reference Materials on Leading Cases]
Short titleB3853200 (4)
Topic2.1 Judicial cases: general casebooks
Historical periodLate Qing (1797-1911)
AuthorShen Tingying 沈廷瑛
Publication typeWoodblock
CommentRem.: A fairly detailed presentation of over 30 cases, covering the years 1805-07. Shen says in his preface that he had been an official at the Ministry of Justice and served in Hubei and Fujian for nearly thirty years. He started recording leading cases more systematically than he used to do after he was discharged in 1805. He recalls the importance of collecting leading cases as material for analogy (以資比較), and stresses the usefulness of the ones in the collection, not only as models for future judgments since they were approved, but also because of the legal reasoning in the preliminary discussions. He specifies that these are cases that have not been circulated (tongxing 通行) and therefore cannot be cited in judgments: this is why they are called “materials for reference” (beikao). There is a mulu for each one of the three years 1805, 1806 and 1807, providing a fairly detailed characterization of each case and indicating the statute or substatute that was used as a basis for the judgment. The entries consist of the full quotation of the final memorial of the Ministry of Justice. They include cases of disputes, adultery, rape, theft, wrong accusation, homicide, suicide, and so forth. (phtgr. mulu et 3 cas)
Ed.: *1808 engraving (鐫) with preface by Shen Tingying (1808). [Ōki] 

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