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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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Description
documentTypeBook
TitleDa Qing lü jianshi hechao 大清律箋釋合鈔[A Combined Copy of the Code of the Great Qing and Explication]
Topic1. Code and commentaries
Historical periodEarly Qing (1644-1796)
AuthorQian Fengwen 錢鳳文& Lu Fenglai 陸鳳來(collated)
Volume30
Publication typeWoodblock
CommentRem.: The author of the preface, who introduces himself as a lay scholar from Wuxing (吳興布衣), is obviously the collator, Qian Fengwen. He explains that, although the original edition of Wang [Kentang]’s commentary (see under Da Ming lü fuli jianshi) was lost, it survived through handwritten copies and was published separately, or as an appendix to the [Qing] Code, i.e. in forms that were not convenient to consult. His colleague Lu Fenglai collated it and asked him to copy it together with the Code, also adding such texts as the Shenxing shuo (q.v.) and the Yijiu 醫救; then the text was engraved and published to answer the demand of their colleagues. The pages are split into two equal registers. The lower register reproduces the 459 articles of the Code, each followed by the relevant substatutes (tiaoli) (i.e. the Da Qing lü jijie fuli); Wang’s commentary (jianshi) is printed in smaller type in the upper level. In general, the material in the upper register neatly complements the texts below. In the 1705 ed. the front matter includes the mulu (giving the list of the 459 articles), a memorial of the Ministry of Justice requesting a revision of the Code (1670), the memorial of presentation of the new Da Qing lü jijie fuli by Grand Secretary Ganglin et al. (1647), table of the “six spoils”, tables of redemption rates, another one (附納贖例圖), another one (附在外納贖諸例圖), table of redemption for old and sickly exiles (附限內老疾收贖), table of redemption for people unjustly accused (附誣輕為重贖圖), the general table of contents of the code (parts and sections, giving the number of statutes each time); and additional regulations on punishments promulgated in 1645 by the Qing under the general title 順治二年奏定大清律附 (title in the margins: xingming 刑名), viz.: a) list of the statutes and substatutes in the code rearranged by punishments (xingming) in decreasing order of gravity (each time indicating the part of the Code to which they belong), beginning with “capital crimes with full responsibility, immediate execution” (真犯死罪決不待時) and followed by death penalties delayed with imprisonment, exile, etc. (附真犯死罪充軍為民例) (the “capital crimes with partial responsibility” [zafan sizui 雜犯死罪] are not mentioned); the corresponding sections in the upper register include the Shenxing shuo and the Jianyan shishang zhinan; b) articles on analogy (比附律條) ; then tables and explanations on the five punishments, instruments for punishment, degrees of mourning (general), six spoils, detailed tables of mourning, explanation of the above tables in the jianshi commentary, explanation of the mourning system (服制) entitled “Da Qing lü jijie mingli 名例”, and “eight characters”; much of these materials also have Wang’s jianshi commentary on the top of the page. (phtc. et phtgr. des 2 éds.)
Ed.: *Undated ed. without cover-leaf, first page missing, with imperial preface to the Da Qing lü jijie fuli (n.d.), memorial presenting the Da Qing lü by Ganglin 剛林 et al. (n.d.), preface by Qian Zhiqing (identical except for the absence of the characters 同友陸鳳來, and dated 1702), slightly different arrangement of the front material. [Ōki, j. 1-3 missing (base TBka); the catalogue says 錢氏思補堂刊本, but this does not appear anywhere in the text].
SubjectLaw
LanguageChinese
Call Numberoki B3802200
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