An explication of the Ming penal code comparable in structure to the Ming lü jijie fuli (q.v.) and other similar works. The front matter includes the Hongwu emperor’s preface to the first edition of the Ming Code, followed by the general mulu giving the titles of the sections and subsections of the code, and by tables on the five punishments, instruments fort punishment, degrees and rules of mourning, “eight characters”, “six spoils”, and redemption tariffs. There are more detailed mulu at the beginning of each part of the Code (like “Officials”, “Revenue”, and so forth), giving a complete list of the sections and statutes therein. Contrary to most other works, only the statutes are quoted and commented upon, but not the substatutes (tiaoli 條例). The explanations following the text of the law, which may be described as expansions in clearer and more explicit language and with a few author’s commentaries inserted, are introduced with the words shiyi yue 釋義曰. Other commentaries are only rarely quoted explicitely, but the author explains in the postface that he did consult them (he speaks of “the shuyi, zhiyin and other such books” 疏義直引諸書—meaning presumably the Lütiao shuyi and Da Ming lü zhiyin ) and added his own views. There are no punctuation marks but the layout of the titles, text, and commentaries is very clear.