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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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Title(Xinjuan) Fajia tou danhan 新鐫法家透膽寒[Lawyer's Piercing Gallbladder Awe, A new edition]
Topic4.3 Magistrates handbooks: Handbooks for Pettifoggers (songshi 訟師)
AuthorBuxiang zi 補相子
Publication typeWoodblock
CommentRem.: The short 16 juan (holding in one fascicle) feature mostly examples of accusations (gao 告, sometimes shou 首) with the corresponding counter-accusations (su 訴). They are arranged under 16 categories (lei 類) dealing with, respectively, sexual crimes (姦淫), banditry and theft (賊盜), treason (叛逆), homicide (人命), tomb violations (墳墓), houses (房屋), marriage (婚姻), land (田土), agriculture (耕種), taxation (錢糧), transfers of property (推收隱寄印契丈量), fraud (囮塌罔利, dealing with price speculation and usury), tax evasion and felling of trees (漏稅竹木), swindling and gambling (刁拐賭博), official corruption (貪官墨吏), and various forms of contraband or counterfeiting (一切私條). The number of “affairs” (ci 詞) per category is mostly in the 5-15 range. Despite many misprints the volume is clearly printed; the content of each accusation and counter-accusation is abstracted in a brief small-character note. The work indirectly offers an interesting range of all the sorts of crimes or irregularities people were likely to go to court to complain about in the late Ming. [added JB] The "piercing gallgbadder cold" of the title alludes to the awe that the good lawyer is supposed to impose on his opponents.
Ed.: Daguan tang ed. 大觀堂梓行. [Ōki]
Call Numberoki B3883900
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