Extracts from 22 works (with a few variants in the list depending on ed.) on government ethics and practice by authors from various periods, with Chen Hongmou’s comments, both introductory and inserted in the text; compiled while Chen Hongmou was governor of Jiangxi, where his preface was written. The various Peiyuan tang eds. say on their last page that the text was collated by the Nanchang prefectural school instructor, Li Anmin (南昌府學教授李安民校字). The earliest work cited is Lü Benzhong’s Guanzhen (q.v.); early Qing statesmen such as Yu Chenglong 于成龍 (see under Yushan zoudu) and Tang Bin 湯斌 (1627-87) are also included. Among the most extensively quoted are Wang Yangming (see under Yangming xiansheng baojia fa), Lü Kun (see under Shizheng lu), and Yuan Huang (see under Dangguan gongguo ge); others are allotted no more than two or three pages. The supplement (in certain eds.) includes two more texts. Each excerpt is preceded by a short biographical sketch of the author and remarks on the work cited. There is an emphasis on the “retribution” aspect (因果報應) (see also Luo Bingzhang’s pref. to Jiang Yi’s Chenjian lu, q.v.).