Ce 1-4 are about cases dated 1805, ce 5-6 about cases dated 1814. Written clearly and elegantly, these legal memoranda apparently were drafted by members of the different bureaus of the Ministry of Justice. Cases are organized by the provinces in which they originated, with the caption and year written in the central margins. Most documents start with “We carefully observe” (謹查) and end with “We respectfully/still await your decision” (恭/仍候鈞定). The governors’ original memorials are not quoted. Detailed legal reasoning about their proposed judgment is provided. Together with leading cases, Ministry of Justice memoranda like these were a main source for famous publications such as Xing’an huilan.