129 documents
Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleJiting cao 棘聽草
Short title(Drafts from Hearings under the Jujube Tree)
Topic2.1 Judicial cases: general casebooks
Historical periodEarly Qing (1644-1796)
Reprint (year of)2005
AuthorLi zhifang 李之芳
CollectionLidai panli pandu 歷代判例判牘
Number of volume9
Place of publication北京
Publication typePrint

Documents on a total 381 cases adjudicated by the author during the six years he spent “his head buried in judiciary files” (chen shou andu zhong 沉首案牘中) at Wu  婺  (i.e., Jinhua  金華, Zhejiang). The title alludes to a passage in the Liji to the effect that “the Great Manager of Criminals (大司寇) heard cases under a jujube tree”. The original ed. published in 1654 in 20 juan was compiled by Li Zhifang from hundreds of his draft sentences that he had found on the top of a shelf when about to leave his post, and could not resolve to throw away. J. 2-13 are devoted to judgments (yanci  讞詞) on affairs responding to the following twelve categories :  homicides (renming  人命), robbery (daoqing  盜情), corrupt  yamen  personnel (yadu  衙蠹), tax fraud (kezha  科詐), taxes (liangke  糧課), property (chanye  產業), marriage (hunjia  婚嫁), sexual crimes (jianyin  姦淫), false accusations (wuwang  誤妄), frauds (zhawei 詐偽), negligence (shuyi  疏遺), and prisoners (luqiu  錄囚).  J. 14-20 are devoted to investigation reports (kanxiang  勘詳) and judgments composed by Li Zhifang as acting official in several other capacities.  The 1702 ed., made while Li Zhonglin was publishing his father‟s collected works, had to be engraved anew because the original printing blocks were unusable. It used the same twelve categories with  a few changes  in their order, the judgments edicted as acting official being appended to the relevant chapters; Li Zhonglin also provided notes to indicate where penal law had changed since his father‟s time. There is afurther fascicle with a text entitled  Fuyi xianggao  賦役詳稿  by Li Zhifang, with undated author‟s preface,  featuring  six reports and some further advice on taxation problems in Zhejiang which were already found (with other materials) in  j. 1 of the 1654 ed. under the general title kanxiang  勘詳; Li Zhifang is said to have reformed the abusive fiscal practices of the late Ming in Zhejiang.

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