Administrative documents composed by the author as magistrate of three counties in Hubei province: Lichuan 利川, Donghu 東湖 (seat of Yichang 宜昌 prefecture), and Tianmen 天門. J. 1 consists of correspondence (稟牘) on various subjects. J. 2 is composed of “negotiations” (交涉)—that is, correspondence with foreign diplomats, companies, and missionaries, of which there is a particularly large number concerning Donghu/Yichang, a treaty port. J. 3 is composed of proclamations (告示), and in its second half of answers to requests by individuals (批). J. 4-6 are devoted to judgments (堂判). The fanli claims that the latter were written directly in the tribunal, and that not one word has been changed for publication, as can be checked in the local archives. In his own pref., Xiong insists that he did and checked everything by himself, and would spend up to six hours a day at court investigating cases; his judgments were so carefully considered that people never went to the higher courts to appeal. Like many other collections of the same sort, they provide interesting material on everyday life and its conflicts.