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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleMumin zhengyao 牧民政要[Essentials on Government for Shepherding the People]
Topic4.1 Magistrates handbooks: General
Historical periodLate Ming (1585-1644)
CollectionGuanzhen shu jicheng 官箴書集成
Number of volume2
Publication typeWoodblock
Comment Rem.: The text contains the following four rubrics (with a variable number of subdivisions, totalling 80): shenbu 慎捕 [care about arrests], shenda 慎打 [care about beatings], shenjian 慎監 [care about imprisoning], shenfa 慎罰 [care about fining]. This is followed by the rubric cuike fa 催科法 [methods of tax collection], in which methods and sample documents are introduced. The overall thrust is that moderation must be applied in every instance. The reign title Chongzhen (1628-1644) is used in the documents, meaning that the work in its present form must have been prepared specifically for the 1629 edition of Guanchang zhengyao. Takigawa (see below) claims that the two parts of the work are aimed at the muyou in charge of judicial and fiscal affairs, respectively. (Yet muyou seem to be an institution posterior to this period.) He notes that the first four rubrics are reproduced in the Shitu xuanjing (q.v.) under the title Mumin sishen 牧民四慎, whereas the section on tax collection is not found elsewhere; he also reports that in the Chongzhen edition there is a brief note (題詞) dated 1615 by Yang Fang 楊芳 (js. 1577) preceding the text, but asserts that he is not the author. (This note is not in the 1629 ed.)
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