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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleMuling shu 牧令書[The Book of Magistrates]
Topic4.1 Magistrates handbooks: General
Historical periodLate Qing (1797-1911)
AuthorXu Dong 徐棟(comp.)
CollectionGuanzhen shu jicheng 官箴書集成
Number of volume7
Publication typeWoodblock
Rem.: Extracts from 137 Qing authors, including Chen Hongmou, Wang Huizu, Xie Jinluan, Yuan Shoudong, Yin Huiyi, and many others, arranged chronologically under 18 headings topics dealing with problems of local government. Yang Yizeng’s preface makes reference to the Qiewenzhai wenchao and the Huangchao jingshi wenbian as models. A note at the end of the fanli (or liyan 例言 in the 1848 ed.) states that, although it had been completed in 1838, the work was revised (chongding) for a 1848 edition, many materials having been either added or removed in between: one therefore finds materials posterior to 1838. The fanli mentions that the Zhouxian shiyi (q.v.), being a work composed on imperial order, should only be consulted in its entirety, in the same way as the Huidian; therefore it has not been included in the selection. Certain works are also cited, such as the Congzheng yigui, the Fuhui quanshu or the Huangzheng congshu (qq.vv.), which should be “bought and read” in their entirety; still other works, like specialised treatises on financial or judiciary problems, cannot be excerpted and should be consulted when one has time. The emphasis is on what is directly usable to confront current problems of the time. The 18 headings are as follows: Origins of government (zhiyuan 治原) (j. 1), Outline of administration (zhenglüe 政略) (j. 2), Controlling one’s family (chijia 持家) (j. 3), Employing men (yongren 用人) (j. 4), Serving one’s superiors (shishang 事上) (j. 5), Treating subordinates (jiexia 接下) (j. 6), Selecting the good (qushan 取善) (j. 7), Rejecting the bad (bing’e 屏惡) (j. 8), Agriculture and sericulture (nongsang 農桑) (j. 9-10), Taxes and levies (賦役) (j. 11), Disaster management (chouhuang 籌荒) (j. 12-14), Ensuring prosperity (baoxi 保息) (j. 15), Education (jiaohua 教化) (j. 16), Administration of justice (xingming 刑名) (j. 17-19), Subduing violence (jibao 戢暴) (j. 20), Military preparedness (beiwu 備武) (j. 21), Administrative reports (shihui 事彙) (j. 22), Laws and regulations (xian’gang 憲綱) (j. 23). Each chapter begins with a detailed table listing the titles and authors of the excerpts selected; each excerpt is preceded by basic biographical datas on the author; in some cases it is followed by an additional commentary by Xu Dong. The Muling shu is among the best edited and easiest to use of all the Qing magistrates handbooks. [Tables et extraits photocopiés, n.p.; reprendre les titres des sections]
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