119 documents
Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleGongyu lu 貢愚錄[Ignorant Advice Offered]
Topic4.1 Magistrates handbooks: General
Historical periodLate Qing (1797-1911)
AuthorWang Jinzhi 王晉之
CollectionGuanzhen shu jicheng 官箴書集成
Number of volume7
Publication typeWoodblock
CommentRem.: A record of advice submitted in a rather free tone by the author, a private secretary, in the course of discussions with his employer Zhang He 張和, the magistrate of Lulong 廬龍 county, Yongping prefecture, Zhili. (Zhang assumed office in the year 甲申, either 1824 or 1884.) The contents deal principally with the most desirable ways of examining the county’s Confucian students and selecting candidates for the first degree (tongsheng 童生). Wang expresses his low opinion of the present state of scholarship and of literati morality and his scorn for “modern prose” (時文) as a means of assessing scholars; hence his preference for “orthodox studies” (zhengxue 正學), viz. “ancient studies” (guxue 古學) and metaphysics (xingli 性理), and his advice to create a local academy that would teach it (he proposes a set of rules at the end of the text); at the same time, he is careful not to antagonize public opinion. There are also considerations on such topics as the official’s budget, gifts, and maintaining one’s integrity. Albeit short, the book is a good illustration of how muyou had to devise ways of smoothing out things for their employers. (n.p.)
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