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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleXiyuan lu jizheng 洗冤錄集證 [Collected Evidence on Washing Away the Wrongs]
Topic4.2 Magistrates handbooks: Handbooks for legal experts
Historical periodLate Qing (1797-1911)
AuthorWang Youhuai 王又槐(ed.)
Publication typeWoodblock
CommentRem.: Wang Youhuai’s preface recalls that the revised edition produced by the Ministry of Justice (in 1694) made it possible to update the famous Song treatise of forensics by making use of various more recent medical works. J. 1-4 consist of this official Xiyuan lu recension with Wang Youhuai’s “additions” (zengji 增輯) in the upper margin or at the end of each section; they include materials taken from the author’s personal experience as well as from other works. This is followed (in j. 5) by “supplements” (buji 補輯) compiled by Li Guanlan, including a Xiyuan lu buyi sanze 補遺三則 by Wang Xi 王歙 (Z. Yuesun 越孫) (1733) (a magistrate of Qishui in Hubei, surname occasionally written 汪), a Xiyuan lu beikao (1777, q.v.) in 11 items, and the Jianyan zashuo 檢驗雜說 and Jianyan zashuo gejue 格訣; the last two texts are said to include valuable new materials on various techniques of medico-legal examination. The 1813 ed., j. 5, and 1825 ed. (as an appendix after j. 5) also include two texts on bone examination: Jiangu ge 檢骨格, i.e. the plates representing the skeleton followed by an itemized list of the bones; and Jiangu yingyong wujian 檢骨應用物件, which provides a long list of the necessary equipment and paraphernalia (also in the supplement [zeng] to j. 5 of the 1843 Tong Lian ed.). It has been remarked by Ch’en Fu-mei that the three main authors of this recension, Wang Youhuai, Li Guanlan and Sun Guanlie, were at the same time compiling the edition of the Code with commentaries that had the widest distribution, viz. the Da Qing lüli quanzuan jicheng (q.v.).
     The Wang Youhuai/Li Guanlan recension was later enriched by various authors under the titles (Buzhu) Xiyuan lu jizheng and (Chongkan buzhu) Xiyuan lu jizheng (see eds. mentioned above). In the recension he edited in 1832 (Buzhu...), Ruan Qixin inserted various notes and personal observations at different places, as well as a large number of cases, many of which are already found in the Jianyan jizheng of 1829 (q.v.), and which are also featured in all the subsequent editions; he also added a set of 32 rhymed stanzas with commentaries entitled Baojian pian 寶鑒篇 (or bian 編, that is, the Xiyuan baojian [q.v.]) and a Jiuji fang 救急方; these two texts are found in j. 5 of the undated Daya tang/Zuiwen tang ed. and of the 1844 Hanmo yuan ed. (alongside several other texts, including the Jianyan zashuo and the Jianyan zashuo gejue), in the appendices to the 1921 Wenduan lou ed., etc. The original ed. of this Ruan Qixin recension (published after his death by Qi Gong in 1833) was followed by editions by Li Yanzhang (1835) and Zhang Xifan (1837), whose prefaces can be found in later editions (see above); in the Zhang Xifan ed., a text entitled Shixiang milu 石香秘錄 in 8 entries, due to Jiang Shixiang 蔣石香 and essentially consisting of quotes from the 1694 official recension, was added to j. 5. According to Jia Jingtao, the Tong Lian version of 1843 (with the Zuoli yaoyan) is an abridged version of the 1837 Zhang Xifan ed., whose j. 5 has been cut in its entirety.
     The recension edited by Wen Sheng (Chongkan buzhu...) in 1844 inserted new materials in the upper margins and at the end of sections; it added a j. 6 whose exact contents may have varied according to the editions, with such texts as the Xiyuan lu bianzheng, the Xiyuan lu jie, and the Jianyan hecan (qq.vv.) (which together comprise the [Xuzeng] Xiyuan lu bianzheng cankao, q.v.), with a Xiubi gubian 羞閉骨辨 as an appendix; the 1770 memorial presenting the anatomic plates with commentary (jiangu tuge 檢骨圖格), and the plates themselves, can be found in j. 5 (also in the supplement [zeng] to the 1843 Tong Lian ed.), in the undated Daya tang/Zuiwen tang ed., and others.
     The series comprised of the Xiyuan lu jizheng and its later enlargements seems to have been the most widely used edition of the Xiyuan lu during the entire nineteenth century. All the editions from 1843 to 1882 mentioned above are done extremely carefully, with an elaborate system of punctuation and underline, many of them using inks of five different colors for the commentaries and citations in the upper margin (some fascicles have the words wuse pi 五色批 Xiyuan lu on the cover); the coloured punctuation (jiadan 加丹) appears to have been introduced by Zhang Xifan.
Ed.:1844 ed. of the Hanmo yuan [Hangzhou] 省城翰墨園, in 6 j., edited by Wen Sheng 文晟, entitled Chongkan 重刊 buzhu Xiyuan lu jizheng, with prefaces by Ruan Qixin 阮其新 (1807), Wang Youhuai 王又槐 (1796), Li Guanlan李觀瀾 (1796), Ruan Qixin (1832), Qi Gong 祁貢 (1833), Zhang Xifan 張錫蕃 (1837), postfaces by Liu Kaiyu 劉開域 (1844) and Wen Sheng (1844) (placed after j. 5). J. 5, entitled Chongkan Xiyuan lu huizuan buji 彙纂補輯, features the following texts: Xiyuan lu buyi (3 entries), Xiyuan lu beikao (11 entries), Jianyan zashuo, and Jianyan zashuo gejue, to which are appended (fukan) the Jiangu tuge, Baojian bian, Jijiu fang, and Shixiang milu; j. 6 includes the Xiyuan lu bianzheng (with preface), Jianyan hecan, Xiyuan lu jie (with preface). [*Beitu fenguan] [*Congress/LL] [*Qinghua]
Call Numberoki B3885700
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