A relatively thorough manual for litigation masters. The cover-leaf has the words zhaotian zhulü 照天燭律 at the top; the complete title appears in the chapter captions, where the name of the compiler is preceded by the words qintang 琴堂 (meaning a governmental yamen). The cases featured are arranged by types of crime or misdemeanor; they include violence and robbery (賊盜) (j. 1), sexual crimes (姦情), homicides (人命), and marriage (婚姻) (j. 2), affrays (鬥毆), indebtedness (債負), real estate (產業), and corvée (戶役) (j. 3), cheating and harming (騙害), adoption and inheritance (繼立), and tombs (墳山) (j. 4). They typically include the accusation (告), counter-accusation (訴), and magistrate’s conclusions (審語). To this are added examples of results of investigations (考實), declarations by village chiefs (呈詞), defendant’s argument (說帖), and magistrate’s answers (批語). There are short commentaries in the upper register (three characters per line), and occasionally a few words in small characters between the lines. The cases are rather simple; the protagonists are given names, but indications of time or place are few. Each section is followed by examples of phraseology with explanations (雜語) and of word pronunciation (音釋). J. 首 has general presentations (several of them in the form of rhymes) on lawsuits, the Penal Code, sexual crimes, and long lists of terminology and set phrases (all of this is placed in j. 1 in the mulu). J. 5 has entries on various sorts of documents as well as general proclamations (禁示). J. 6 contains models of complaints and testimonies, discussions of judgments in the form of questions and answers, definitions of the various types of homicide, and more. Several indications scattered in the text (such as dates, the mention of certain institutions, the mention of the Hongwu emperor’s Dagao, etc.) confirm that this is a Ming work.