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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators,Official Handbooks and Anthologies of Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming).
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TitleGuanzhen jiyao 官箴集要[Essentials for the Admonition of Officials]
Topic4.1 Magistrates handbooks: General
Historical periodEarly Ming (1368 -1584)
AuthorWang Tianxi 汪天錫(comp.)
CollectionGuanzhen shu jicheng 官箴書集成
Number of volume1
Publication typeWoodblock

Xu Jie’s pref. and Zheng Gang’s postf. suggest that Wang (whose name appears only in the pref.) prepared the work in the name and on the orders of a certain censor Zhang (h. Xishu) from Ruyang 大侍御汝陽西墅張公, then Zhejiang regional inspector, while he was serving as instructor (教諭) in Renhe 仁和 (i.e., Hangzhou). Zhang had prefect Zheng edit and print the text jointly with Zhu Xi’s Xiaoxue for distribution to the officials and scholars of Zhejiang, with a view to reunite government (政) and knowledge (學). The book draws from earlier works (not referenced in the entries). While the pref. mentions Shihuan zhengui 仕宦箴規 and Zhoulian xulun (q.v.), a careful textual analysis reveals that a wide variety of materials from the Song, Yuan, and early Ming were used, including Weizheng jiuyao and Mumin zhonggao (qq.v.), as well as Xue Xuan’s Dushu lu (see under Congzheng lu). The entries, which are equivalent to a full magistrate handbook dealing with both ethics and concrete administration, are organized among the following sections (篇): “Rectifying one’s heart” (正心), “Rectifying one’s person” (正己), “Maintaining one’s integrity” (持廉), “Rectifying one’s family” (正內), “Official positions” (職守), “Propagating civilization” (宣化), “Dealing with people” (接人), “Controlling subordinates” (馭下), “Taking care of the people” (臨民), and “Being careful in the administration of justice” (慎獄) (j. 1); “Bandits” (盜賊), “Merchants” (商賈), “Procedural rules” (公規), “Ceremonies” (禮儀), “Managing affairs” (處置事宜), and “Managing one’s exit” (克終) (j. 2).

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