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Unless otherwise specified, the descriptions of sources in this section are extracted from Pierre-Etienne Will and collaborators, Handbooks and Anthologies for Officials in Imperial China: A Descriptive and Critical Bibliography, 2 vols., Leiden: Brill, 2020
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TitlePuyang yandu 莆陽讞牘 [Judgments and Decisions from Xinghua]
Topic2.1 Judicial cases: general casebooks
Historical periodLate Ming (1585-1644)
Reprint (year of)2005
AuthorQi jia biao, 祁彪佳
CollectionLidai panli pandu 歷代判例判牘
Number of volume5
Place of publication北京
Publication typePrint

This very carefully written ms. is part of the ms. collection of works by Qi Biaojia held at Beitu (see under An Wu qinshen xigao). (There is no author’s name in the ms., but the title is mentioned in Qi’s list of works in his diary.) It was probably intended for publication. It is a massive collection of judgments delivered by Qi during the years 1624-28, when he was prefectural judge (推官) at Xinghua 興化 (Fujian) and acting magistrate of Putian 莆田, the leading county of Xinghua. (According to Dentō Chūgoku handoku [see below], there are 1,514 cases in all.) The judgments, most of them introduced by the words shende 審得, review original judgments by local officials; they deal with both civil and criminal affairs. Most are comparatively short pieces, with a caption indicating one or several of the following elements: the administrative unit that transmitted the case (e.g., circuit intendant, prefecture, and so forth), the nature of the crime or dispute, the name of the person(s) involved, and the punishment when applying. Some cases feature twice in the collection. The first part of the collection represents primarily cases that emerged within Xinghua prefecture, mostly civil affairs, some closed without inflicting a punishment. In the second part criminal cases are the majority, many of them from other Fujian prefectures, likely remanded to Qi by other authorities for re-hearing. A number of cases in this second part involve piracy and boat-people.

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